Located in the southeast coast of Zhejiang, Ruian city is an important historical and cultural city of the province. Looking back to the history, Ruian Library originated from Xinlan Book Society, which is one of the earliest prototype libraries in China. Yuhai Building is a famous local library of Ruian, with a long history and a lot of courtyards. Relying on the abundant connotation of Jiangnan Culture and the development history of the library culture of Ruian, the purpose of the construction of the new library is to inherit the soul of the historical architecture and create a spiritual palace in the new era of Ruian with the support of the modern architectural language.
The project is located in Zhongtang Lake, the core of the future Binhai New Area of Ruian. As the first project of the New Area, it is of great significance for leading the construction of the new city.
Through the study of local culture of Ruian, we have integrated the image of white wall and black tile of Jiangnan architecture, the courtyard space of Yuhai Building, the colonnade space of Xinlan Book Society, the local wooden movable type printing and other traditional cultural elements into the architectural design, and introduced the images of “Small Bridge over the Brook” and “Pavilion Wharf” Tanghe River Culture into the landscape design. The fusion of traditional culture and modern technology brings about the new version of Ruian Library - Ruian Bookyard.
The site is facing waters on three sides. In terms of functional layout, the main foyer is located in the center of the building, serving as the core hub, closely connecting various functional spaces inside the building.
The overall layout of the building is high on both sides and low in the center, strengthening the main administrative axis. The sense of huge volume of the building is weakened by a dedicate segmentation. Three courtyard spaces are embedded horizontally, strengthening the space order from east to west. Then the integration of the slope roof covers all individual blocks as a unified whole. The main body of the buildingis with orderly highs and lows, complementary reality and illusion, highlighting the magnificence and elegance of the new library.
The main entrance of the building is located in the east square, facing the main road of the city, and leads citizens into the main foyer through a colonnade space. Walking in the colonnade of the mainentrance, different views are in your sight following your paces, feeling the light and shadow changes formed by the highs and lows of the building roof, while enjoying the wonderful view of the lake.
The first floor of the building is linked by the foyer, decorated with public service functions such as 24-hour urban study, academic lecture hall, exhibition, seminar room, coffee and leisure and bookstore, all opening to the public. The main reading space starts from the second floor.
With a through way from north to south, the main foyer is an open and bright space. The reading steps and the courtyards guide the citizens into different functional spaces.
The overall building is mainly in grey, white and wood colors, presenting the city vision of Jiangnan buildings with white walls and black tiles. In the detail design of the facade, the concept of traditional curtain mat and wooden movable type printing is introduced to deduce the metal shading curtain between the colonnades of the south facade and the carved texture of the grey bricks at the bottom of the east facade.
The overall landscape layout mainly includes the main entrance square on the east side, lakeside landscape belt, river view on the north side, courtyard space and roof garden. The east main entrance square highlights the simple and magnificent city image of the main facade and strengthens the guidance of the main entrance corridor through the guidance of hard pavement on the ground and the creation of water landscape.
The lakeside landscape belt introduces the images of “Small Bridge over the Brook” and “Pavilion Wharf” in Tanghe River Culture into the design, making the lakeside space into a cultural exchange park with pleasant scale and beautiful environment, promoting the development of the culture and tourism of Ruian.
The courtyard planting is mainly based on bamboo to create the space atmosphere of the Academy, and display the history of ancient literati, academies and books in combination with the courtyard sculptures.The roof gardens, combined with green plants and wood paving, are scattered at the junction of the individual blocks, providing small spaces for the readers to rest and communicate in different areas.
The information age provides more ways for the public to acquire knowledge, while the library, as a place to transferk nowledge, is no longer limited to the borrowing of paper books though, its core function has never changed. Based on the present, looking into the future, the new version of Ruian Library will make more and more people enjoy learning a